The government takes the private land required for public purposes like road construction, Irrigation Projects, etc. Proposals for private land acquisition are sent to Spl. Land Acquisition officer. The proposals are scrutinized and Budget Provision , Administrative Approval, Technical Sanction Orders are also scrutinized. The proposal includes certificates for "Small Land Holders", issued by Talathi as well as related information submitted by the concerned agencies.
After this the proposal is opted for joint measurement. Commissioner's permission is taken for land acquisition if the land owner does not agree for it. The objections of land owners are invited, and resolved. Under section 9 (1), if any objections are received during the enquiry, they are resolved by the divisional office of the agency. Town Planning and Valuation Department evaluates the compensation for the land to be acquired. The department gives compensation after declaration of the award. In case of disputes after the payment of compensation between cultivators and title is not correct then such type compensation is deposited under section 30 of the Land Acquisition Act 1894 in the name of the District Civil Judge and matter is disposed by the District Judge.
According to our Indian constitution every person is able to take and posses and give his own property. He has its own rights given by the Indian Constitution. But according to the Land Acquisition Act 1894 Rule 31 (2) Government can requisite this property for the public purpose. In this law there is scope to the Govt. to take the land of any owner. Government and Semi Government and Non Government faculties applies for such type of land acquisition to Hon. Collector. Later the applied documents sent for scrutiny to the Land Acquisition Officer (Co-Ordination). Proposal needs following documents.
1) Map of Land to be required.
2) Aim of Acquisition.
3) List of Survey Number, Gatt Number holders.
4) Boundary Area Certificate.
5) Budget Provision.
7) Agreement deed of any company or committee.
According to this act the acquisition of land process is done in the following way
If private land is to be acquired then for the acquisition of such land one agency is to be formed. Agency prepare the total plan in four copies and it puts forth for the necessary approval for Collector. Then this acquisition plan goes to the Land Acquisition (Co-Ordination) officer for scrutiny. And then after getting necessary approval by the Collector the matter goes back to the agency i.e. to Special Land Acquisition Officer for further process.